Midnight Torches Pronunciation Guide

At the time of this story two languages were widely spoken in the Islands: Esu in the southern three and the tongue of Nemhir in the north. There were also the languages spoken by the Latyrn in the Humbaha mountains (which appear in this story) and in the Ravath (which do not). Scholarly languages included that of drowned Sotlaci and the High Speech of Raghjan, the city where the alphabet had been invented.

Esu pronunciation:
a [ɑ]
ai [ɑi̯]
au [ɑu̯]
b [b]
d [d]
dh [ð]
e [e]
ea [ɛ]
ei [ei̯]
eu [eu̯] when stressed, [ɛu̯] when unstressed
f [f]
g [g]
h [h]
i [i]
iu [iu̯]
j [j]
k [k]. [kʰ] when beginning a stressed syllable.
l [l]. [l̩] when a vowel is not adjacent.
lh [ɬ]
m [m]
n [n]. [n̩] word-finally after a consonant.
o [o]
oa [ɔ]
oi [oi̯] when stressed, [ɔi̯] when unstressed
ou [ou̯]
p [p]. [pʰ] when beginning a stressed syllable.
r [r]. [r̩] when a vowel is not adjacent.
rh [r̥]
s [s]
t [t]. [tʰ] when beginning a stressed syllable.
th [θ]
u [u]
v [v]
w [w]
x [x]
z [z]
Stress falls on the penultimate syllable.

Nemhir pronunciation:
a [ɑ]
b [b]
bh [β]
d [d]
dh [ð]
e [ɛ]
g [g]
gh [ɣ]
i [ɪ]
j [j]
k [k]
m [m]
mh [m̥]
n [n]
nh [n̥]
ng [ŋ̥]
ngh [ŋ̥̊]
o [ɔ]
p [p]
ph [ɸ]
r [ɹ]. [l] at the end of a word.
t [t]
th [θ]
u [ʊ]
w [w]
x [x]
Stress falls on the first syllable.

Latyrn pronunciation:
a [ɑ]
b [b]
d [d̪]
dd [d]
dr [ɖ]
e [e]
g [g]
i [i]
j [j]
k [k]
l [l̪]
lg [lˠ]
lj [ʎ]
lr [ɭ]
m [m]
n [n̪]
nn [n]
nr [ɳ]
ng [ŋ]
o [o]
p [p]
r [ɻ]
rr [r]
t [t̪]
tr [ʈ]
tt [t]
u [u]
ue [ɯ]
w [w]
y [y]
Stress is marked by an acute accent.
List of names with stress marked:
Árgynn
Éttarr
Garrú
Humbáha (this is a word from a dialect where an /h/ sound had developed).
Júlodd
Latýrn
Nelátr
Nguríddel
Nraél
Rrúkel
Wátmil

Although the Sotlaci language, related to Esu, is no longer a living tongue, it was once spoken by the seaborn lords of Lhaursi, who had fled the downfall of their home.
a [ɑ]
ai [ɑi̯]
b [b]
c [c]
d [d]
e [e]
ei [ei̯]
f [f]
g [g]
h [h]. [x] at the end of a word.
i [i]
j [j]
k [k]
l [l]
m [m]
n [n]
o [o]
ou [ou̯]
p [p]
r [r]
s [s]
t [t]
tl [tɬ]
ts [ts]
u [u]
v [v]
w [w]
z [z]
Stress is marked by an acute accent.
Names with stress marked:
Átlan
Benác
Ceredém
Eltarvén
Éso
Hána
Itláv
Mesélen
Rígen
Romuréh
Sotlací
Virecác
Wanivár

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